Born May 19, 1948 in Paris, France, 3 children. Enjoys flying all types of aircraft (sea planes, WW2 fighter planes, helicopters), golf, funboard, playing saxophone and reading.
In 1971, he graduated as an engineer from the French Air Force Academy at Salon-de- Provence and qualified as a fighter pilot at Tours in 1973. In 1981, he graduated from the Empire Test Pilots School (ETPS) at Boscombe Down, England, where he won the "Hawker Hunter" and "Patuxent shield" awards. He studied astrophysics at the University of Orsay, France, from 1986 to 1987.
Jean-Pierre Haigneré is "corresponding member" of the Académie de l'Air et de l'Espace and Chairman of the space committee at the Aéroclub de France.
Jean-Pierre Haigneré is "Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur" and "Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Mérite", and hold the "Médaille de l’Aéronautique". He holds the Russian "Order of Friendship" and the Russian "Medal for Personal Courage", awarded by President Yeltsin. He was awarded the "Grand Prix de l'Académie de Lutèce" in 1994. In March 2000, he was awarded the "Médaille d’or de l’Aéroclub de France".
From 1973 until 1980, Jean-Pierre Haigneré was a fighter pilot, then Squadron Leader on Mirage 5 and Mirage IIIE aircraft. He was posted to the Bretigny-sur-Orge Flight Test Center in 1981 as the project test pilot for the Mirage 2000N aircraft and was appointed Chief Test Pilot in 1983. He has logged 5,500 hours flying on 105 different types of aircraft, including 1,800 hours of test flight time. He holds a commission as Général in the French Air Force. He also holds current test pilot and air transport professional licenses, Airbus A300 and A320 qualifications, helicopter private license, mountain and seaplane rating. Jean-Pierre Haigneré was selected as an astronaut by the French National Space Agency (CNES) in September 1985. From 1986 to 1989, he headed the Manned Flight Division of the Hermes and Manned Flight Directorate, and took part in preliminary studies for the Hermes spaceplane. He also developed and fine-tuned the Zero G Caravelle programme (parabolic flights), subsequently becoming technical and operational officer-in-charge. From December 1990, Jean-Pierre Haigneré underwent training at Star City, near Moscow, as a back-up crewmember for the French-Russian Antares spaceflight. He was selected as prime crew for the Altaïr mission in 1992, undergoing seven month training for a 21-day mission on board the Mir space station, which successfully took place from 1 to 22 July 1993. In 1995 and 1996, he was involved at the Kaliningrad Russian Space Control Center in the operational aspects of the ESA Euromir 95 and French Cassiopée manned spaceflights. He then returned to France where he was in charge, as test pilot, of flight assessment of the new Airbus Zero-G aircraft. From 1997 till end of June 1998 Jean-Pierre Haigneré trained at Star City for the 6th French-Russian "Pegase" spaceflight. In June 1998, Jean-Pierre Haigneré joined ESA's European astronaut corps, whose homebase is ESA's European Astronaut Center in Cologne, Germany. On February 20, 1999 the Soyuz TM29 was launched with Haigneré and his crew to the MIR station for the Perseus mission. He performed a 6 months mission with Viktor Afanasyev and Sergej Avdeyev. They left MIR unhabited in a stand-by-mode and landed in Kazakhstan on August 28, 1999..
21-day French-Russian mission (called Altaïr) to the MIR Space Station (July 1 – July 22, 1993). On February 20, 1999, Haignere was the first non-Russian to be launched as Soyuz on-board engineer to the Russian MIR Space Station on a mission called "Perseus". The experimental programme comprised the continuation of former French experiments from "Cassiopée" and "Pegase" missions, and new experiments from France, Germany and the European Space Agency ESA in the field of life science, physics, and biology. During his flight, Haigneré performed also a "spacewalk" (EVA) for exchanging biological and comet dust experiments outside MIR. Haigneré also worked as on-board engineer for the MIR Space Station. "Perseus" was a long-duration flight of nearly 189 days. The landing took place on August 28, 1999. It is the longest flight ever performed by a non-Russian Astronaut.
Since November 2, 1999 he is Head of the Astronaut Division at the European Astronaut Center EAC, Cologne.
Jean - Pierre Haignere, Engineer and Astronaut
European Space Agency