Lt . Gen . Amer-al-Saadi

Engineer and

Saddam Hussein's Chief Scientific Adviser

No Credible Biographical Information Available

Republic of Iraq



Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait


Area: 437,072 sq km


Climate: mostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq


Terrain: mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey


Population: 22,427,150 (July 1999 est.)


Religions: Muslim 97% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%


Languages: Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian


Capital: Baghdad